Touring on a recumbent bicycle: Everything you need to know

Why would you ride such a weird bike instead of a normal one?

And what would you need to know before buying a touring recumbent for your next trip? If you’ve already had the chance of talking to a recumbent rider, you may have noticed that most of them say that they love their recumbent and wouldn’t ride anything else.

So, what is it about recumbents that make people so passionate about them?

We have been riding “normal” bikes for a very long time, as every day commuters in the city, as well as cycle tourers (although only for shorter tours, the maximum was three weeks).

On our last cycle tour through Switzerland (in the autumn of 2014), we realized that something had to change if we wanted to realise our dream of a long-term cycle tour. A stiff neck and pain in the wrists were the main issues that wouldn’t go away even with a change of position or other small tweaks on the bikes. The same year, we had tried recumbent bicycles for the first time – Eva’s parents’ long-wheel-base recumbents:

Long wheel base touring recumbent

We were a bit wobbly especially when starting, but the downhills were so great that we wanted to investigate more into recumbents. We spent the following months on the web getting acquainted with recumbent language: long-wheel-base, short-wheel-base, under-seat-steering, above-seat-steering. We discovered different brands and different designs. We spent time travelling to specialized shops to try different models, before we finally decided to buy touring recumbents in the first half of 2015.

Two years later, we have pedalled over 13’000 kilometres on our recumbents, and are now part of this group of people who are convinced that they are great touring bicycles.

So, if you’re trying to decide whether you should buy a recumbent for your next tour, or if you’re just curious about the topic, here’s what we can tell you about touring on a recumbent:

1. There’s no pain

No sore bum, because the weight is distributed all over your back and bum. No painful wrists, because they don’t have to bear any weight. No stiff neck, because it’s in a more natural position.

Actually, when I say “no pain”, it’s not entirely true. At the beginning, many people experience stiffness in the shoulder muscles because they’re tense while riding – this goes away with time and when you learn to ride in a more relaxed way.

Some people (including me, Eva) also experience what is known as “recumbent butt” (or “recumbutt”) – a certain type of pain in the gluteus maximus muscles when too much weight is pressing down on your bum, especially on long rides. Reclining the seat a bit more, changing the position slightly, and taking regular breaks can all help allieviate the ache.

Although not exactly a “pain”, some people also experience sleepy feet, especially on short-wheel-base recumbents with higher brackets. Wiggling your toes, unclipping the shoes, and taking mini-breaks to walk a few steps all immediately help.

2. Better breathing

Compared to a normal bike, our breathing accelerates much less when pedalling uphill. Thus, the only factor limitating effort are your muscles.

3. It’s NOT necessarily slower going uphill

We met many people who thought that it was slower going uphill on a recumbent. Most of these people have probably never ridden one.

True, riding a recumbent uses different muscle groups, which need to be trained before being fully efficient.

True, you can’t stand up on a recumbent and use your weight to push down.

BUT, you can push with your back against the seat and thus use your whole body to push the pedals. We dare say that this is even more efficient than standing up on a normal bike. Especially if you use clip-in pedals (without them, you’ll lose some energy to keep the feet on the pedals).

So, carrying equal weight in luggage and with comparable physical training, we reckon that we are about the same speed going uphill on recumbents than tourers on normal bikes. Some people overtook us, and we overtook some. We’re somewhere in the middle.

4. It’s MUCH faster going downhill

You’re more aerodynamic, and the centre of gravity is much lower on a recumbent, thus it’s much more stable. The stability increases even more with added weight. With roughly 30 kg of luggage, we were able to go downhill at speeds of 50 or 60 km/h and were able to take curves at 40 km/h without breaking. Doesn’t this sound like great fun? Well, it is. Going downhill is one of the greatest things of touring with a recumbent.

Cycling downhill on a touring recumbent
Doesn’t this look really cool?

If you need to break hard, there’s no risk of flying head-first over the handlebar – the worst-case scenario is the rear wheel blocking and sliding, and the bike falling on its side (and you ending up sitting on your butt).

5. You have a better view

Because you’re in a relaxed and natural position, you don’t need to twist your neck to look up. Think pedalling through a canyon, or looking at the night sky, or bird-watching, or just enjoying the view around you.

6. You don’t need special clothes

Leave your classic cycling clothes at home. Especially those padded shorts that make you feel like you’re walking through the supermarket in diapers. Just an ordinary pair of shorts and any t-shirt will do the job – and you can use them off-bike, too.

One thing you do need though, is good raingear. You’ll need that on a normal bike, too, but on a recumbent you need to pay special attention to the front of your body. Zips need to be reliably waterproof, and the rain jacket needs to be comfortable to ride in a recumbent position. You also get a lot of rain on the front of your legs, so you need to take extra care to find a good pair of waterproof trousers.

Because of the reclining position, sunglasses and a sunhat (with a large visor) are especially important to protect against the glare of the sun.

7. Head winds are easier to tackle

You’re slightly more aeronynamic on a recumbent, but the main thing is that your feet go first, as opposed to a normal bike where you cycle head-first into the wind. This makes tackling headwinds on a recumbent a less frustrating experience, although it won’t prevent you from getting slowed down almost like any normal bike.

8. Gear shifting becomes much more important

On a recumbent, you generally need to keep a higher spin rate to be comfortable (and to preserve your poor knees). Thus, you need to gear down – and do it before you stop. Starting to pedal on a recumbent in a high gear is notoriously difficult (and close to impossible on an uphill) and will make you loose balance quickly – not something you want to experience in a frequent stop-and-go scenario in a city centre. For this reason, we think that the Rohloff speed hub is particularly well suited for touring recumbents, because you can change gear in a fraction of a second even when stopped and with heavy luggage.

9. Recumbents DON’T need that many special spare parts

At least our models don’t. Most spare parts are standard: bracket, pedals, chain (you’ll just need several chains), brakes, etc. This means that many parts can be replaced on tour. The main special parts are the seat and the steering.

10. Suspension is important

As your whole trunk has contact with the seat, it’ll feel every bump on the road. There are recumbents out there sold without any suspension – be kind to yourself and get a fully suspended recumbent, especially when carrying heavy luggage.

11. You’re more or less visible – it depends

You’re potentially less visible to cars because of the lower position. You can increase visibility by using flags and reflective material. But the weirdness of the bike (see below) makes you all the more visible – in our experience, drivers give us much more space when we’re on recumbents than normal bikes.

A rearview mirror also becomes very important, so that you can see what’s approaching from behind. Turning your head around is possible on a recumbent with a bit of practise, but a mirror gives you way more safety.

By the way, any touring bike (even an upright one) should have a rearview mirror. You need to see those trucks coming from behind, whether you’re on a recumbent or a normal bike!

12. A recumbent is less flexible in city traffic

Many recumbents have a larger turning radius, so you can’t take very tight turns. You can’t pull up the front wheel to quickly jump on a sidewalk. It’s more difficult to slalom between cars (well, you shouldn’t do that anyway, right?). For us, this is the main reason why we don’t use our recumbents to get around the city.

13. They’re expensive – relatively

True, because they’re not mass-produced. But many top-level normal touring bicycles are just as expensive, given comparable equipment (which is usually of very good quality on recumbents).

14. They’re heavy – relatively

True, touring recumbents tend to be heavy. Ours weigh about 20 kg. Again, this is relative, because it depends what you’re comparing them with.

15. They’re bulky – relatively

Even short-wheel-base recumbents are longer than normal bikes (although not much), and their geometry makes them bulkier than normal bikes. But again, it depends on what you’re looking at – without the seat, our recumbents are a bit longer than normal bikes, but they’re also narrower, which can be an advantage when you have to fit them in the airport x-ray machine, for example.

16. There is no one size fits all
Riding a HP Velotechnik Speedmachine in the snow
First time trying an HP Velotechnik recumbent… it was snowing and horrible.

There are so many brands and models around, with so many different geometries, different seat heights and bracket heights, different seat forms. Any given model will allow for numerous adjustments – length, seat inclination, steering position, etc. Don’t just try one brand – if you don’t like it, try something else, and get advice from a specialized dealer who knows how to adjust a recumbent to your body. And don’t forget that it can take weeks or even months to be completely comfortable riding a recumbent.

17. You get bugs up your shorts

Recumbent riders will know what we’re talking about.

18. Last but not least: They’re weird!
Random people on the roadside taking picture of a recumbent rider
Typical scene on the road when riding a recumbent.

You’ll be talking to a lot of people during your travels. You’ll have to explain many, many times what this strange thing is. You’ll have your picture taken a thousand times. You’ll get people wanting to sit on your bike. They’ll want to know how much it cost. You’ll get many, many honks and waves on the road. People overpassing you closely so they can film you with their smartphone. You’ll get stared at, smiled at.

Whether these are pros or cons is mostly up to you to decide…


Do you have anything to add to this list? We would love to hear from you in the comments section below!


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16 thoughts on “Touring on a recumbent bicycle: Everything you need to know

  1. Thanks for posting this great information. I have ridden 90 km on my new Azub Mini and enjoyed your posts very much.

  2. Great article and great points. I love my new recumbent bikes. I’m riding a Rans Rocket and Rans V-Rex. Not at the same time of course. One would think that I was with the stares and comments I get while riding. That is the ONLY thing that I don’t like about my recumbent bike…The extra attention. But, can never go back to an upright again. Happy travels.

  3. Hello from the U.S.

    I ride a recumbent trike (tadpole design), and I see it as one of the best decisions I’ve made for both my fitness and fun factor. I am a professional FF/EMT-P, and on department which stresses firefighter fitness, we are tested in a series of job function/physical fitness via three different testing modalities annually. VO2, max, Phoenix Physical Fitness based PFE, and a Work Performance Evaluation, doing well at these as well as preforming the requirements of the job in a regular and dependable fashion requires maintaining a good level of overall fitness. That stated I also prefer to stay in and maintain a good fitness level for personal health benefits.

    I have a really beat up back, a fusion, a disk reduction, a fully degenerated disk, and yet another with ongoing disk degenerative syndrome (I love my job, I love my job….! No really I do!). I also have 2 beat up shoulders, 2 surgeries apiece as well as other joint wear related nuisances in my legs. Running for me is not an option, diamond frames became a hostile environment for me after the second back surgery, my fitness levels were beginning to suffer then I finally broke down and made the leap to a recumbent. WOW, my fitness imitative was once again looking up and once again becoming fun the instant I climbed on that “funny looking thing” and started peddling. I will not say there was or is no pain, but there is so much less pain it could be said to be pain free as compared to diamond frame riding or trying to run for any distance. My first rides were 18 – 21 kph distances of 15 miles or so, from June to September my avg. speeds increased to 27 – 32 kph, I had lost nearly 12 KG and my fitness levels were getting back to level.

    I will be retiring from my department in October of this year, and I plan to try out a couple of road tours on the trike the first season of my retirement, none of this would be really possible had I not made the decision to get that first recumbent. Do I still have some painful issues, every day but I’m used to it and when I ride my trike I actually have some pain relief due to the reclined position of my trike seating. If on a long ride anything begins to whine about hurting a little & simply stop and change up my seat recline slightly and this usually stops the body part whining. Off I go for another several kilometers. Yes, this is fun and rewarding I now will usually clock around 5500 kilometers a season on the road. Once retired this will likely go up as I will only be working around 24 – 30 hrs per week vs. 48 – 56 + part time stuff.

    Its been an awesome adventure so far, looking forward to many more years of even more awesome times sitting in my mobile chase lounge peddling along the the roads, trails and such for miles & miles… Enjoying the view, what with my head up and all :^D Gotta go, time to put in a couple of hours on the “trainer”!

  4. Hi guys, did you consider SpeedMachine instead of StreetMachine? I’m in the middle of buying process and I was trying a lots of recumbent bikes and I would say that SpeedMachine fits the best for me (188 cm tall), but I’m not sure how it goes with all luggage. What’s your opinion?

    1. Hi Marcin,
      Thanks for your question. We did try a Speedmachine in the process of choosing our recumbents, but never considered buying one because the seat is so much lower than the more “traditional” touring recumbents. We liked the idea of being seated as high as possible (i.e. as high as our height would allow us) for questions of visibility. I think it mainly depends on personal preferences, the kind of touring you think of doing (occasional shorter trips vs longer trips with lots of luggage), and the importance of speed (lower = more aerodynamic). If you’re looking for a sturdy touring bike, a recumbent that could fit your size well is the Azub Max. Both wheels are 26 inches. We loved the feeling of riding it but unfortunately are both too short for it. If you have the possibility, I would recommend you try it out.
      Have fun riding!

  5. I have a longbikes slipstream long wheel base with underseat steering and love the hell out of it. I don’t mind the funny looks or all of the questions about the recumbent. It’s a great way to meet people from all over the place. Riding in the city is doable, just takes practice. What’s embarrassing is being clipped in and you have to stop immediately and can’t abort fast enough and fall over in public.

    Ed – Tucson, Arizona

  6. Hi, thank you for writing this article. I have had three fused Vertabrae in my neck and after suffering on my race/road bike 2 years after the op, and different set ups, I just want to enjoy cycling again.
    I am at the beginning of the recumbent research so this has been most helpful, especially as I would like to tour Europe by bike one day soon. Well done guys, very inspiring!

    1. In 1996 I bought a touring bike. Painful, went to a Rans Stratus. No pain. Made myself a one wheel trailer with a Bob type hookup. In the fall of 97 I rode 1830 miles crossed the Mississippi four times. Left the U.P. of Michigan and arrived at my daughter’s house in Pensacola, FL thirty days later. Meet a lot of interesting people and slept in some equally interesting places.
      Took a few shorter tours and have been riding since on a Rans Tailwind. It’s easy to transport.
      Now I have sold my recumbet, bought a fat tire and am going back to singletrack at the ripe old age of 78..

  7. I’ve been a fan of the long wheelbase recumbents since the early 80’s when I first saw one being ridden by Christopher Walken in the 1983 movie Brainstorm (with Natalie Wood). But for the life of me, that style of recumbent I cannot find anywhere! All I see these days are the reverse trikes. Or the shorter 2-wheel version with the front fork at the same angle as a regular bike (almost vertical). Those are not a classic recumbents to me. The purple one in the 2nd photo is pretty much what I’m talking about. Geez I wish I could find one.

  8. Thanks for the info. I’m planning a trip from Calgary to Ontario and thinking very seriously of a recumbent. Was thinking of a trike but a two wheeler is probably better on highways I guess. I know the frustrations and discomfort of a conventional bike. My neck and knee gets very sore. I love the idea of sitting upright and looking around. I suppose a long wheel base would be a less bumpy ride, kind of like a long car verse a short car. Stopping is a bit of a concern for me; that’s why I was thinking trike. But I guess once you get used to it its no problem. I’m getting older now, 60, so I want to do this soon.
    Thanks again.

  9. I got into recumbents in the late 1990s, starting when I built a Benditt Prelude (USS long wheelbase) with my brother.
    Currently I mostly ride a BikeE, and am rebuilding an ATP Vision SWB. They’re fun bikes, but I would like something for longer trips.
    It occurs to me that a recumbent version of a Long John cargo bike would be a fun and eye catching touring machine that could certainly carry all my gear.

  10. Thank you very much for the good advice. I’m about to test the streetmachine and considering buying a recument. Your website is very helpful in that regard,
    Greetings from Dresden, Germany

  11. One thing I enjoy about having recumbent trike, I have a Terra Trike “Rambler-EVO” that’s an Electronic Vehicle Option, when camping I don’t have to search for a chair. I already have one, my trike!!

  12. Great recumbent experiences cheers. I have owned many recumbent trikes and 2 recumbent two wheelers. I had very painful “recumbent butt” on a few of the first machines I brought as well as numb feet but they are such a joy that I kept buying them.
    After a few more purchases, I finally brought a tadpole trike which had a lower bottom bracket (pedal axle) height than seat height. The butt pain and foot numbness disappeared immediately leaving me free to enjoy hours of riding all over the place. The higher bottom bracket trikes look (and possibly are) faster but I would advise try riding a few ks on both high and low bb trikes before you buy.

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